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Churches

Prague’s religious structures emphatically document the city’s evolving styles of architecture and lots of them are packed full of religious art. However, they also mirror Prague’s periods of political and religious upheaval, its’ people’s lives, its’ obstacles and the expansion of the city. For orientation, keep in mind that churches usually have their main façades to the west and the choir to the east.

The Czech Republic is mostly a Catholic country and churches and cathedrals can be seen on almost every corner. From St. Vitus Cathedral to the St. Nicholas Church, this is truly a ‘city of a thousand spires’. If you wish to attend English Mass, check our article about religious services.

Tip: Concerts in Prague’s Churches

Recommended churches to visit in Prague:

St. Nicholas Church located at Malostranske Square. The baroque interior is finely decorated with statues, paintings, and frescoes by leading artists of the day. The dome was completed in 1751, shortly before Kilian Ignaz died. Over the baroque organ is a fresco of St. Cecilia, patron saint of music. The organs were played by Mozart in 1787. The belfry was the last part to be built, constructed by Anselmo Lurago between 1751 and 1756. It is rightfully the most visited church in Prague.  

St. Vitus Cathedral located at the Prague Castle complex. St. Vitus is visible from far and wide. The St. Wenceslas Chapel is decorated with frescoes and semi-precious stones. A door in the south-western corner of the chapel leads to the Crown Chamber in which the Bohemian Coronation Jewels are stored.  

Strahov Monastery. Rebuilt in Gothic style, with later baroque additions. As well as visiting the church you have to also visit the famous Strahov Library, comprising one of the oldest monastic collections in the country. Located in the theological and philosophical halls, it is over 800 years old and it still holds over 16,000 books.  

Church of Our Lady Before Tyn. The Church of Our Lady Before Tyn dominates one side of the Old Town Square. A great-looking Gothic church with a baroque interior, the building can be seen from all over Prague.  

Loreta. Important pilgrimage site, built to promote the legend of Santa Casa. A copy of the house, believed to be the Virgin Mary’s, can be seen, complete with original fresco pieces.  

St. George’s Basilica at Prague Castle. The best preserved Romanesque church in Prague, and the oldest church building in the Prague Castle complex.  

Church of St Gilles. Situated in the heart of the Old Town, it is a large church with beautifully crafted high ceilings and ornate decorations.

St. Nicholas Church

Baroque church built in the period of 1704-1755 by Kilian Dientzenhofer, it is one of the most beautiful Baroque churches in Europe. Building was completed in 1735, but in 1781 Emperor Jozef II ordered the closure of monasteries and the decorations were removed. During WW2 the Czech army were stationed …

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Strahov Monastery

A few minutes’ walk from Loreto Square is Strahov Monastery (Strahovský klášter). The monastery, which became known as the Strahov monastery, was not much of a success until 1143, when a group of Premonstratensians settled here. The Premonstratensians are a Roman Catholic order of canons founded in 1120 by St. …

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The Loreto

Just a short walk from Hradcanske Square is Loreta Square, a significant pilgrimage of the Christian world. Prague Loreta shrine was built in the baroque style in 1626 – 1750 (founded by Benigna Katerina Lobkowicz). Loreta was designed as a replica of the Virgin’s relocated house – the Santa Casa. …

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Church of Our Lady before Tyn

Come to see this impressive Old Town parish church, especially at night. This Gothic church was built in 1365 on the site of an earlier Romanesque church. Its magnificent multiple steeples are 80m high and dominate the square. Among the early 15th century until 1620 it was the main Hussite …

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Capuchin Monastery

Bohemia’s first Capuchin monastery built here in 1600. Next to it is the Church of Our Lady Queen of Angels, a single-naved building with plain furnishings, typical of the ascetic Capuchin order. The church is well-known for its miraculous statue of the Madonna and Child and its nativity scenes with …

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Church of Saints Cyril and Methodius

This Baroque church was first consecrated to St Charles Borromeus and built together with a house for emeritus priests in 1730-1739. The church and the house were abolished in 1783 and used for several purposes. It took nearly 150 years before the church was given to the Orthodox Church and …

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Church of the Virgin Mary and Saint Charlemagne

At Mount Charles, the highest point of the New Town of Prague, Charles IV built a church in honour of St Charlemagne (meaning Charles the Great) and a monastery for the canons regular of St Augustine. The octagonal church is an unusual layout, and was built along the lines of …

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Church of St John on the Rock

This is a nice small Baroque church, designed by Kilian Ignaz Dientzenhofer, and built during 1730-1739. Its twin square towers are set at a sharp angle to the church’s narrow facade. A double staircase leads up to the west front, and the interior is based on an octagonal floorplan. Inside …

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