Marijuana is probably the most widespread illegal drug in the Czech Republic. According to surveys more than half of people aged 15 to 34 years have tried it. Last year’s (2011) government drug report says that the marijuana use rate among the youth in this country is the highest in the whole Europe.
According to the law, keeping “lower than a small quantity” of a drug – in the case of marijuana it is 15 grams (or anything above five plants) – is not a crime, but only an offence. Also, until recently the Police were not allowed to confiscate a drug found in less than a small quantity, but recently parliament toughened the rules. Fortunately the Czech Republic has quite a liberal reputation as far as marijuana use goes and criminal possession of drugs can include imprisonment only for keeping “larger than a small quantity” of a drug. For marijuana, it can be maximum one year.
The Czech advocates of making marijuana legal meet every year in early May. Mostly young people demonstrate against prosecuting hemp and its users. They ask the government to end this senseless war on hemp.
The calls to legalise marijuana have not been successful yet, though its advocates point out that the use of hemp can help against glaucoma, and it can ease the pain of people suffering from cancer or disseminated sclerosis. A month ago the State Medicament Supervision Authority registered the first medicament which contains an extract from hemp – a mouth spray, which should help patients with disseminated sclerosis against muscle rigor. Some experts warn against the danger of frequent use of marijuana. In the case of people with genetic disposition it can trigger schizophrenia, and intensive users of hemp may lose motivation.