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Facts About Prague and the Czech Republic

Prague (Praha in Czech) Is the Capital

and largest city of the Czech Republic is a member of the European Union (since 2004). Situated on the Vltava river, it is home to approximately 1.2 million inhabitants. (It can be derived from job statistics that an additional 300,000 people work here without having registered as residents). Around 95 per cent of this population are Czechs. The average Czech has 1.2 kids, will live 76 years. Prague covers an area of 497 sq km (192 sq mi), about two-thirds of New York. Fewer than 30,000 people live in the city’s historic centre; the overwhelming majority inhabit ugly (built during the Communist era) tall apartment blocks on the outskirts. Nicknames for Prague have included ‘city of a hundred spires’, ‘the golden city, ‘the Paris of the Twenties in the Nineties’, the ‘mother of all cities, and ‘the heart of Europe’. Since 1992, the historical centre of Prague has been designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Prague is a popular tourist destination. There are lots of old buildings, many with beautiful murals on them. It contains some of the world’s most well-preserved and varied collections of architecture, from art nouveau to baroque, cubist, Gothic, neo-classical and ultra-modern.

The currency is the Czech crown, symbol Kč or international symbol CZK. Exchange rates: 30 Kč for 1 British pound, 18 Kč for 1 USD and 24 Kč for 1 EUR.
Public transport: metro, tram, bus.
River: Vltava.
European Union member: Yes, since 1st May 2004.
Euro currency in use: No.
Country international calling code: 420.
Historical centre: Old Town (Stare Mesto), Lesser Town (Mala Strana), Prague Castle (Hradcany), New Town (Nove Mesto), Vysehrad.
Administrative division: 22 administrative areas.
Major industries: fuels, ferrous metallurgy, machinery and equipment, coal, motor vehicles, glass, armaments.
Religion: Atheist 39.8 percent, Roman Catholic 39.2 percent, Protestant 4.6 percent, Orthodox 3 percent, other 13.4 percent.
Ethnic groups: Czech 94.4 per cent; Slovak 3 per cent; Polish 0.6 per cent; German 0.5 per cent; Roma (Gypsies) 0.3 per cent; Hungarian 0.2 per cent; other 1 per cent.

Czech Republic map

Geographical Situation

For your information Prague is 1,377 km (853 ml) from London, 292 km (181 ml) from Vienna, 350 km (217 ml) from Berlin and 1,037 km (642 ml) from Paris. The Czech Republic is situated in central Europe, surrounded by hills and mountain ranges. It borders Germany to the west, Poland to the north, Slovakia to the east and Austria to the south. The country is composed of three historical regions: Bohemia, Moravia and Silesia. However, there are 14 regions nowadays, each with its own county seat and administration. The area of the Czech Republic is 78,866 sq km. Prague is 496 sq km. The lowest point is 176 m (577 ft) above sea level; the highest 396 m (1,230 ft).

Location: 50°05’N and 14°27’E (centre of the Czech Republic).
Elevation: 180-399 m above sea level. 


Most visitors to Prague are from Germany, the USA, Britain, Italy, Russia, and Japan. Tourism makes up 5 per cent of the country’s GNP.

The Time Zone

is Central European Time: GMT+1; in summer, GMT+2. (more info)

The Approximate Population

of the Czech Republic is 10.5 million inhabitants; 94 per cent of them are Czechs, 4 per cent Slovaks, and a small minority of Poles and Germans. Prague has a population of close to 1.3 million inhabitants. The population of the Czech Republic is relatively homogenous.

Petty Crime (Pickpockets)

Low rate of violent crime, a higher rate of petty crime like car theft and pickpocketing. Be careful, especially when using trams (numbers 22 and 23 are the most targeted). The most common method is for a gang of women to crowd the entrance to the tram and cause congestion. Even if you feel the pickpocket’s hand and yell, they will hang on to your wallet and still get away with it. As the tram will leave, they will laugh at you. However, the situation is rapidly improving, and there are fewer and fewer cases. But still, be aware.

The Official Language Is Czech

English, German and Russian is widely spoken.

The Climate of Prague

Climate is a mild, continental climate: hot summers, cold winters (average temperature -0.9°C; summer average 19.0°C [Jul])

The Electrical Voltage

It is 230 V-50/60 Hz. All sockets have two round female contacts (live left) and round blanking/grounding protecting pin in the middle at the top.

Metric System

The metric system is used in the Czech Republic. Also, we use commas rather than decimal points and points for thousands.


The main religion of the Czech Republic is Christianity. Approximately 40 percent of the population are Roman Catholic. Protestant denominations account for about 3 percent of the population. About 5 percent of people in the Czech Republic are an atheist. Many of those who identify themselves as members of religious organizations do not practice their religion actively. Before World War II (1939-1945), the country had a large Jewish population. Most of the Jews died in the Holocaust, the Nazi campaign to exterminate the Jews of Europe. There are currently between 15,000 and 18,000 Jews living in the Czech Republic.


The Czech Republic is a parliament democracy whose head of state is a President, indirectly elected by the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate. Parliament (Chamber of Deputies and the Senate) are elected in free elections; the government, headed by the Prime Minister, is usually built as an outcome of coalition talks and appointed by the President, asking for confidence from Parliament.  

Land and Resources

The total area of the Czech Republic is 78,864 sq km (30,450 sq ml). The maximum distance from east to west is about 490 km (about 305 ml), and the maximum distance from north to south is about 280 km (about 175 ml). Mountain ranges surround much of the country. If we focus on Prague, it covers 10,000 ha (24,710 acres) of green space, consisting of 31 km (19 ml) of rivers, 10 islands, and 18 bridges. Prague also has around 550,000 road vehicles on the 2,570 km (1,593 ml) of roads.

Natural Regions

The Czech Republic consists of two main regions: Bohemia, located in the west, and Moravia, located in the east. Part of the region of Silesia occupies the north-central section of the country. The central part of the Czech Republic is dominated by the elevated plateaus of the Bohemian-Moravian Highlands and the low plains and rolling hills of the Bohemian basin. Many rivers drain these areas, and much of the country’s farmland is located there. Rising along the edges of these central regions and extending outward to form much of the country’s natural border are mountain ranges. The Erzgebirge in the north and the Šumava Mountains in the west are well known for their spas and ski resorts. The Šumava comprise part of the Böhmerwald (Bohemian Forest), a highland region located in the west and south-west that forms the country’s border with Germany. The Sudety Mountains are located in the north and form part of the border with Poland. The Sudety range includes the Krkonoše Mountains, which contain the country’s highest point, Snežka (1,603 m/5,259 ft). One of the country’s largest nature reserves is also located in the Sudety range. Extending along the Czech-Slovak border in the south-eastern part of the country is a section of the Carpathian Mountains. Also located in the southeast are the Moravian lowlands, which contain the fertile valley of the Morava river, where various crops are grown. 

Rivers and Lakes

There are many rivers, lakes, ponds and dams in the Czech Republic. The main rivers of the Czech Republic are the Elbe (known locally as the Labe and the longest), the Vltava, the Ohre, the Morava, the Lužnice, the Jihlava, and the Svratka. The Sázava, Odra (Oder), and Opava rivers are also important. The most famous reservoir dams are called Slapy, Lipno, Orlík and Vranov. 

Healing Springs

The Czech Republic is famous for a large number of springs and spas. Well-known spas are to be found in the towns of Karlovy Vary, Mariánské Lázně, Františkovy Lázně and Luhačovice. 

Population and Settlement

10.2 million people. About 90 percent are ethnic Czechs who speak Czech. Unlike some of their neighbours (including the very Catholic Poles and Slovaks), Czechs are inclined to be agnostic: One in four is Roman Catholic, but most (60 percent) list their religion as unaffiliated.

The Czech people are descended from Slavic tribes who arrived at Bohemia and Moravia in the fifth century AD. The Czechs are the country’s dominant ethnic group, representing about 94 per cent of the population, followed by Slovaks with about 3 per cent; Poles, Germans, Roma (Gypsies), and Hungarians comprise most of the remainder.


The Czech flag is red (bottom), white (top), and blue (a triangle along the hoist side).

Principal Cities

Prague (population, 1999 estimate, 1,193,270) is the capital and largest city of the Czech Republic. Other important cities include Brno (384,727), an educational and industrial centre; Ostrava (322,111), a centre for metal industries; Plzen (168,422), noted for its breweries; and Olomouc (103,372), a trade and industrial centre. 

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  1. Neither of the two articles you have here on religion, is accurate. The first one has statistics from the census of 1991, but misindentifies the nonaffiliated as atheists. This census has been superseded by the 2001 census, which has 59% without affilitation, 27% Catholic, 5% other churches, 9% refused to answer. So clearly a lot of Czechs abandoned Christianity between the 2 censuses. A survey of opinion in 2007 found that 48% consider themselves atheist.


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