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The Jewish Quarter

The Jewish community was founded in the latter years of the 11th century and Jews were never allowed to expand beyond this small quarter called Josefov, named after Emperor Josef II. Fire in 1689 and subsequent demolition left only six synagogues, the Ceremonial Hall, the Town Hall and the Old Jewish Cemetery. In the days leading to the genocide of the Jews by the Nazis in World War II, the treasures of numerous synagogues in Bohemia were brought to Prague for safekeeping, in order that a museum might be founded to document an extinct race after German victory. The collection is now managed by the Jewish Museum, which oversees several museums housed in the synagogues of Josefov – Old Jewish Cemetery, Spanish Synagogue, Pinkas Synagogue, Old-New Synagogue, Old-New Synagogue, High Synagogue, Jewish Town Hall and Klausen Synagogue.

Location: Josefov; to reach Josefov you can easily walk from Old Town Square down the Pařížská, which is just beside Church of St Nicholas

Franz Kafka’s Birthplace

Kafka was a Czech Jew who wrote in German, and was a citizen of the Austro-Hungarian Empire at birth, and a citizen of the newly-minted nation of Czechoslovakia. He was born in Prague on July 3, 1883, exactly above the Batalion Schnapps bar on the corner of Maiselova and Kaprova. …

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Story about Golem

Rabbi Lowe and the Golem of Prague In the Old Jewish Cemetery is the gravestone of the revered Judah Loew ben Bezalel ben Chaim, Rabbi Loew (1520-1609), who convinced Rudolf II in 1592 to offer better protection to the city’s Jews. The rabbi was a friend of the well-known astronomer …

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Olšany Cemeteries

The cemeteries, including a Jewish and a Russian cemetery and one from 1679 for plague victims, contain tombs of Franz Kafka and painter Josef Mánes in well-tended graves in the eastern part of the Olšany Cemeteries. Location: Vinohradská 153, Jana Želivského. Open daily. In Czech: Olšanské hřbitovy

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Synagogue in Smichov

The synagogue dating from 1983 has a colourful history: at one time, it was downgraded to a storehouse, and since the 1990’s it was carefully renovated in several steps as well as extended. Today, the building serves as archive space for the Jewish Museum. In addition, reading and study rooms …

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